Is time-out an appropriate discipline technique?

Posted by Care Courses

Jul 20, 2018 9:09:25 AM

Many adults see time-out as a valuable non-violent method of disciplining misbehaving children. Although this is a common view, it is a misguided one.

Time-out can foster hostility, resentment, and even defiance in a child. Children’s behavior that adults consider “bad” is really evidence of some problem the child is experiencing. Instead of banishing the child to time-out, adults should look for the reasons behind children’s inappropriate behavior and use positive strategies to remedy problems.

Early childhood specialist Dr. Maxine Edwards Cornwell has the following to say about time-out:

Many caregivers use the time-out chair today as a non-violent method of disciplining misbehaving children. It has replaced the dunce cap in the corner and the nose in the circle on the blackboard as a generally accepted way of getting children to think about their behavior.

The fact is that the time-out chair is effective in buying some quiet time for a caregiver. That’s about all it does positively. Negatively, it makes children acutely aware of who the “bad kids” are (they’re always in The Chair). Children do not sit there and think about what they did or what they should have or should not have done. If they think about themselves at all, it’s with an “I’m bad; they don’t like me and I don’t like them either so there” attitude.

A better choice is removal from the scene of the battle to spend a few minutes with a caregiver who can lovingly discuss the problem with the child. This does not isolate children or label them “bad” but serves a better purpose—teaching children to get along with each other. We do not learn to get along with each other in the time-out chair.

If you have used time-out as a method of discipline, consider how effective this strategy has been. How often is the same child sent to time-out? Has time-out boosted children’s self-esteem? Made children more cooperative? Resulted in positive changes in children’s behavior? Chances are your answers to these questions do not support the continued use of this technique.

If you ever feel absolutely compelled to send a child to time-out, consider this a red flag. Find positive ways to help this child so that you will never have to resort to using time-out a second time for this child.

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings, and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Topics: Care Courses Questions

How do I prevent Pediatric Vehicular Heatstroke?

Posted by Care Courses

Jul 2, 2018 1:46:18 PM

According to the National Safety Council, 37 children die each year in the United States due to Pediatric Vehicular Heatstroke (PVH). While rear-facing safety seats installed in the back seat provide young children with optimum protection in a crash, they also take children out of the line of sight of adult drivers. Sleeping children, who make no noise to remind the driver of their presence, are particularly at risk.

Memory is not always as reliable as we believe it to be. If you have ever forgotten a cell phone, purse, or wallet in the car, you are capable of forgetting a child. Children are often forgotten in vehicles on occasions when drivers are stressed, sleep-deprived, or taking an unusual route. These factors disrupt drivers’ routines and allow them to form a false memory of taking the child out of the vehicle. Adults go about their day imagining the child safe and happy wherever he or she is supposed to be.

Child Safety Alarms and Other Reminder Systems

There are several types of alarm systems designed to reduce children’s risk of being left behind in a vehicle. Some use motion or weight sensors to detect a child’s presence; others prompt the driver to check the vehicle thoroughly for children at the end of every trip. Some states require child care providers to install electronic child safety alarms in certain vehicles. These requirements vary depending on the vehicle’s age and seating capacity.

Help Parents Remember Their Children

Many parents and relatives who have forgotten a child in a hot vehicle had intended to drop the child off at child care before driving to work. Make it your policy to contact parents promptly if a child does not arrive at your program when expected. Keep parents’ home, cell, and work numbers on file, as well as the number of at least one alternate contact in case parents are unreachable.

Check Twice After Every Trip

Proper use of a passenger transportation checklist will reduce children’s risk of being forgotten in a child care vehicle. Checking each vehicle twice at the end of every trip will not only ensure your compliance with state regulations, it will help keep children safe.

Always check with your state’s regulations for proper vehicle and transportation procedures. Learn more about transportation and vehicle safety in our Care Course Transportation Safety. After completing Transportation Safety, you will be able to identify legal requirements and best practices for transportation in child care; choose the safest child restraint systems and transportation methods; and explain how to work with parents to ensure their children’s safety in and around vehicles. (Students in Georgia: Our course Georgia Transportation Safety complies with Georgia-specific regulations.)

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings, and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Topics: Care Courses Course Content

How do I become Infant and Child (Pediatric) CPR Certified?

Posted by Care Courses

Jun 1, 2018 3:45:11 PM

Virtually all states have requirements regarding infant and child (pediatric) CPR certification for caregivers. Make sure you follow your state’s specific regulations. CDA candidates also need a current CPR and first-aid certificate to obtain or renew their credential.

You will need hands-on training to learn the steps of pediatric CPR. The following sources provide pediatric CPR training:

The American Heart Association
American Red Cross
National Security Council

All adults who care for children should be trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), first-aid, and injury prevention. You should take a course in CPR and first-aid from a certified instructor before taking responsibility for the care of a child. Be prepared to act quickly, calmly, and appropriately in emergency situations.

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Topics: Training For My State

Does my Care Course have an expiration date?

Posted by Care Courses

May 22, 2018 5:12:16 PM

Care Courses is dedicated to providing you with the most up-to-date information based on new research findings, licensing regulations, and safety protocols. As a caregiver, you need to be equipped with current knowledge and use best practices when working with young children. That’s why we are constantly updating our courses and why we now have a 24-month expiration date for our enrollment codes.

This policy was instituted on January 1, 2018. The enrollment code for any course purchased before this date will expire on January 1, 2020. The enrollment code for any course purchased on or after January 1, 2018 will expire 2 years after the purchase date.

Our distance-learning courses are designed to allow you the freedom to work at your own pace. You should feel no pressure completing a course before the enrollment code expires. The good news is that more than 99% of our students complete a course within this time period!

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Topics: Care Courses Questions

What’s an early childhood professional organization membership?

Posted by Care Courses

May 2, 2018 9:10:17 AM

Renewing your national Child Development Associate (CDA) credential? The CDA Council requires that you submit proof of membership in an early childhood professional organization. Your membership must be current at the time you submit your CDA renewal application.

The CDA Council will accept an individual membership or one that is part of your center’s membership.

Many national and local organizations fulfill this requirement. Additionally, membership in these organizations will support your professional development as an early childhood educator.

There are many organizations to choose from. We have included a few here, and a more comprehensive listing below.

NAEYC

“The National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) is a professional membership organization that works to promote high-quality early learning for all young children, birth through age 8, by connecting early childhood practice, policy, and research. We advance a diverse, dynamic early childhood profession and support all who care for, educate, and work on behalf of young children. The association comprises nearly 60,000 individual members of the early childhood community and more than 50 Affiliates, all committed to delivering on the promise of high-quality early learning. Together, we work to achieve a collective vision: that all young children thrive and learn in a society dedicated to ensuring they reach their full potential.” – from the NAEYC website

Click here for more information and to join: www.naeyc.org

NAFCC

“Started in 1982, the National Association for Family Child Care (NAFCC) is the only national professional association dedicated to promoting high-quality early childhood experiences in the unique environment of family child care programs. NAFCC works on behalf of the one million family child care providers operating nationwide.” – from the NAFCC website

Click here for more information and to join: www.nafcc.org

NBCDI

“For more than 40 years, the National Black Child Development Institute (NBCDI) has been at the forefront of engaging leaders, policymakers, professionals, and parents around critical and timely issues that directly impact Black children and their families. We are a trusted partner in delivering culturally relevant resources that respond to the unique strengths and needs of Black children around issues including early childhood education, health, child welfare, literacy, and family engagement. With the support of our Affiliate network in communities across the country, we are committed to our mission ‘to improve and advance the quality of life for Black children and their families through education and advocacy.’” – from the NCBDI website

Click here for more information and to join: www.nbcdi.org

ZERO TO THREE

“ZERO TO THREE works to ensure that babies and toddlers benefit from the family and community connections critical to their well-being and development. Healthy connections help build babies’ brains. Our mission is to ensure that all babies and toddlers have a strong start in life. At ZERO TO THREE, we envision a society that has the knowledge and will to support all infants and toddlers in reaching their full potential.” – from the ZERO TO THREE website

Click here for more information and to join: www.zerotothree.org

Many other organizations

Not sure which organization is best for you? The Council for Professional Recognition maintains a list of accepted organizations.

What’s not accepted?

The CDA Council does not accept the following memberships for this requirement:

  • State registry organization
  • Parent Teacher Association
  • Teachers’ Union
  • Magazine subscriptions

Need more information regarding your CDA’s renewal? Click here to read the Renewal Procedures Guide for your setting.

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Topics: The National CDA

Who can serve as my Early Childhood Education Reviewer?

Posted by Care Courses

Apr 20, 2018 8:44:00 AM

If you are renewing your national center-based or family child care Child Development Associate (CDA) credential, you will need an Early Childhood Education (ECE) Professional to serve as your ECE Reviewer. An ECE Reviewer must have recent—within the last year—and firsthand knowledge of your capability as a caregiver for children in the setting of your credential. The ECE Reviewer must verify on your application that you have at least 80 hours of experience working with children in your setting in the past year.

An ECE Reviewer must meet one of three education requirements.

  1. A four-year child development degree and two years of experience working in early child care (at least one year working directly with the children and at least one year of responsibility for the professional growth of another adult)
  2. A two-year child development degree and four years of experience in early child care (at least two years working directly with the children and at least two years of responsibility for the professional growth of another adult)
  3. A valid CDA credential; 12 college credits or 180 clock hours of training in early childhood education; and six years of experience working in early child care (at least four years working directly with children and at least two years of responsibility for the professional growth of another adult)

In the interest of objectivity and credibility, there should be no conflict of interest when choosing an Early Childhood Education Reviewer. The reviewer must not be working with you as a co-teacher on a daily basis in the same group or home; must not be related to you; and must not be related to a child in your care.

More information on the requirements of an ECE Reviewer can be found in Information for the Early Childhood Education (ECE) Reviewer from the Council for Professional Recognition. For more information on renewing your CDA, read the Renewal Procedures Guide.

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Topics: The National CDA

Why is it so important to read to toddlers?

Posted by Care Courses

Mar 30, 2018 1:13:21 PM

Providing experiences and support that make language and literacy accomplishments possible for young children is one of your most important functions as an early childhood professional. Young children need a lot of exposure to verbal as well as printed language.

Reading aloud to toddlers can expand their listening skills and build their vocabularies. You can help toddlers begin to understand print concepts, such as pictures and print as symbols for real things and that we read words, not pictures.

Your choice of books is important. Toddlers are learning to understand feelings; look for books with characters handling typical emotions and experiences. Toddlers feel competent when they participate; read books with rhymes and predictable words they can remember. Toddlers are doers; read books with flaps to lift and textures to feel. Read the same books again and again, if asked. A toddler will let you know when he or she has had enough of a book.

For an interactive experience, vary your voice to fit the characters and plot or use puppets and other props related to the story. Encourage the toddlers to join in! They can turn pages, name items in pictures, make sounds, repeat rhymes and phrases, and think about what might happen next.

Take the Care Course The Road to Reading to learn more on the importance of language in children’s lives and ways you can help children with their literacy development. Included in the course is a list of picture books young children (and adults) will enjoy, such as Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? by Bill Martin and Goodnight Moon by Margaret W. Brown.

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Topics: Care Courses Course Content

Why do toddlers bite?

Posted by Care Courses

Mar 5, 2018 11:27:00 AM

As we discussed in our post on infants and biting, children bite for different reasons during different periods of development. For toddlers, biting is typically an attempt to communicate desires and feelings. Toddlers are impulsive and lack self-control. They experience intense, sometimes conflicting emotions, often moving quickly from one mood to another. During the toddler period, children become more interested in interacting with other children and feel a strong need for independence and control over their own actions. Toddlers seek challenges, but also experience frustration. Any of the preceding characteristics may trigger biting behavior in toddlers.

Knowledge of each child’s individual personality and needs is an essential element of a biting-prevention strategy. A toddler may be especially affectionate and generous with hugs and kisses for everyone. If these kisses involve more teeth than lips, however, this child needs guidance to learn new and safer ways to express his or her affection.

A child who is shy may have a difficult time joining other children’s play. Overwhelmed by an attempt to do so, a child may instinctively bite the child with whom he or she is trying to play. This toddler needs the guidance of a caring adult who can help him or her learn positive social interaction skills.

Take the Care Course Biting Hurts! to learn more about why young children bite and how to respond effectively. This course will help you develop strategies for preventing and handling biting incidents and communicate with parents about biting.

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings, and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Why do infants bite?

Posted by Care Courses

Mar 5, 2018 11:23:57 AM

Incidents of biting in early child care can be alarming for everyone involved: the biter, the bitten, the caregiver, and the parents. Biting can happen without warning, even when a caregiver is nearby. As unpleasant as it is, biting is normal.

Preventing biting is a major challenge. Effective prevention strategies must begin with an understanding of each child and address the reason for biting in each particular case. Whatever the reason for young children’s biting, you must remember the following points:

  • Biting is usually a short-term phase that has no lasting significance in terms of the child’s development.
  • Biting is not an occasion for blame. Do not blame the child, the child’s parents, or yourself.
  • Biting is not a sign that the child is “bad.” It is not cause for punishment.

Children bite for different reasons during different periods of development. Infants learn through their senses—they explore their world by touching, smelling, seeing, hearing, and tasting. An infant may mouth an object to learn more about it much as a toddler would touch or grasp an object with his or her hands. When infants bite, they do not do so with the intention of causing pain.

Infants who are experiencing the pain of teething might try to find comfort in applying pressure to their gums in the only way they know how. Have a supply of suitable objects for chomping ready for teethers. Chilled teething toys or a frozen wet washcloth can do the trick. Stay close to the teether and be prepared to whisk them away (in a kind, playful manner) if you suspect the child may bite.

Infants learn by doing and are learning cause and effect. The infant might push toy buttons to make sounds, knock over a tower of blocks, or splash water with their hands. The infant might also bite another child. While a child’s interest in exploring cause and effect should be encouraged, he or she needs guidance to learn what things are okay to bite (food and toys) and what things are not okay to bite (people and animals). Provide many opportunities for infants to explore cause and effect with a variety of play materials, as well as appropriate opportunities to explore what their teeth can do.

Click here to learn information about toddlers and biting.

Take the Care Course Biting Hurts! to learn more about why young children bite and how to respond effectively. This course will help you develop strategies for preventing and handling biting incidents and communicate with parents about biting.

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings, and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Topics: Care Courses Course Content

How do Child Care Providers Deal with Stress?

Posted by Care Courses

Jan 31, 2018 9:28:52 AM

Stress is a part of everyone’s lives. The causes of stress are many—ranging from small, everyday occurrences to large, life-changing events. We often think of stressful events as negative, but even joyful events can produce stress.

In addition to stresses that are part of everyday life, you have many opportunities to encounter stressful situations in the course of a typical workday. Interacting with children, maintaining relationships with their parents, and communicating with your supervisor or coworkers can all lead to stress.

In our Care Course The Early Childhood Professional, we include a stress test so you can calculate how more than 40 stress-causing events may be affecting your stress level. From personal illness, to difficulties at work, to just making it through the holidays, you’ll learn how much stress you have in your life.

Totally avoiding life’s many stressors is impossible, but you can focus on how to cope better when you are feeling stressed. The Early Childhood Professional offers the following recipe for dealing with stress:

  • Respond to it. The amount and degree of anxiety experienced will depend upon the situation.
  • Pinpoint the cause of the stress and the effect the stress has on all concerned.
  • Develop solutions for resolving the stressful situation.
  • Select the best solution to relieve the stress.
  • Carry out the chosen solution. It may be necessary to select another solution if the first is not effective.
  • Master the stress in a reasonable way, which involves taking into account the needs of all concerned.

This course also covers sources, signs, and effects of stress in children and in families and ways to help them cope.

Please let us know how we can be of additional assistance! Call us: 1-800-685-7610, Monday through Friday, 9–5 ET, or email us days, evenings and weekends: info@CareCourses.com. We’re here to help!

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Topics: Care Courses Course Content

About Care Courses

Care Courses has been providing distance learning courses for early childhood professionals for over 27 years. Our courses are delivered to you either via US Mail or on your computer, and can be used for the CDA and many state training requirements. We offer over 60 excellent, convenient courses in a wide variety of interesting, helpful topics, and our courses have no time limits. Do them wherever and whenever you wish. Visit our website to access our course listings.

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